I have some trouble figuring out what to make of this unusual photograph. It's labeled "Ceremonial Robe" but it doesn't look like anything I've seen before. Inscriptions indicate it was donated by Mrs. Joe Horn, and then is followed with what might be a genealogy, or perhaps different ways of describing the same person. I'm sure the powers of HHR can decode:
It seems to start with "Great- Niece Martha Horn" then "Daughter Mary Lane", "Amos Underwood's Wife", "Chief Chenoweth's Daughter", "Mother's Mother", "Unknown".
I've found this history of Skamania County which mentions some of these names. If I follow it correctly it indicates Mary Lane was Amos Underwood's daughter, suggesting this list is indeed a genealogy. If so, it is the only matrilineal genealogy I've seen in our collection. Unfortunately that still doesn't tell us which name matches this image.
Mary's parents were Amos Underwood and Taswatha or Ellen Chenowith, who was a daughter of Chief Chenowith and Mum-shum-sie or Mary Virginia.
Jeffrey W Bryant on 11th October 2018 @ 8:28am
The Hood River Glacier, Hood River, OR., November 29, 1906, page 1
PAST HISTORY WAS ROMANTIC
Daughter Of Chief Chenowith
Wife of Amos Underwood Passes Away and is Buried with the Honors of Her Race.
Mrs. Amos Underwood, who has been in failing health, died at her home back of Underwood Saturday at an advanced age and Sunday was buried in the Indian burying ground there with ceremonies considered appropriate to one of her race.
The large Underwood family were all present, including her husband, who came from Stevenson, where he has been undergoing treatment for failing health. The services were conducted by Indian Jim, who is well known both on the other side of the river and at Hood River and included the re-interring of two sons born to Mr. and Mrs. Underwood and burial in 1881 and 1886 respectively. It was the wish of Mrs. Underwood that she receive a burial according to the customs of her race and her family respected it.
The passing of Mrs. Underwood is not without interest and historical significance, as she was a daughter of the well known Indian chief, Chenowith, after whom a town is named in Washington, and who figured very prominently in the Indian war along the Columbia river in the early days of the white settlers. In company with six other Indians Chenowith was executed by a rival tribe of Indians for being too friendly to the whites. He claimed during the trial by court martial and to the last that he and his companions were innocent but his protestations did not avail.
After her father's death Mrs. Underwood, whose name was Ellen, was woed by an army officer, but she did not look on his suit with favor and would have refused him had it not been that she was persuaded to accept by the pleadings of many of her race who thought that it would be a good stroke of diplomacy to make an alliance with the army officer. So they were married according to the Indian custom and for two years lived together, when the soldier was transferred to a post in California, but his young wife refused to go with him. In vain he pleaded but the Indian girl who had never cared for him was more attached to her people and the shores of the beautiful Columbia where she and her forefathers had lived for many years, than she was to the officer, and they parted. Her husband went to California, where he served several years and was transferred to Alaska, but before going to the far northern coast of duty came to the camp at what is now known as Underwood and once more pleaded with her to accompany him, but she again refused and he went away to return no more and it is said that he met his death in the Alaska country. Afterward she met Amos Underwood and they were betrothed and had several children, all of whom died but one, Mrs. Olsen.
During her long life Mrs. Underwood had seen many changes in the abode of her childhood and when she could be induced to tell of them did so most interestingly. Like many other places along the Columbia the landing named after her husband was the meeting place and camping place for travelers along before Hood River was in existence. The numerous and powerful race of which she was a descendant is fast becoming extinct or being absorbed and in a few years more they will be but a legend.
The Hood River Glacier, Hood River, OR., November 29, 1906, page 4
Mrs. Amos Underwood died Saturday at 5 o'clock at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Olesen. Mrs. Underwood has been poorly for some time and her death was expected as her years numbered among the seventies. She was a daughter of Chief Chenowith, who was hanged by another tribe of Indians in war time for being a friend to the whites. She was buried at 2 o'clock Sunday in the new cemetery, the Indians of the Shaker faith performing the services. It was Mrs. Underwood's last request to exhume the bodies of her two sons from the family burying ground on the old homestead, buried now over 20 years and place them in a coffin by her side. This was faithfully carried out. The bodies were in a good state of preservation.
The Hood River Glacier, Hood River, OR., December 6, 1906, page 1
Underwood, Wash., Dec. 3, 1906. Editor Glacier - I wish to correct a few errors, which, I believe, was caused by our Underwood correspondent as I am sure that this correspondent did not have any information regarding the statement made.
Ellen Chenowith Underwood was 68 years old at the time of her death. She was the last of four children, there having been two girls and two boys. One son died at an early age, while the second son succeeded his father and took the duty as chief, and the name of Chenowith, the name handed down for generations, as in those days none but the descendants of the chief could take his name, position and dignity. This family must keep up the royal blood. They should marry none but the high cast. The oldest living son should succeed the father.
The son, Chenowith, died in 1880. His mother, who lived a widow, died two months before him. A sister, the eldest of the family, died in Underwood about 12 years ago, leaving her sister, Ellen, an aunt, wife of John Slibinda, but finally the aunt passed away and since then the husband, Slibinda, that good, peaceable old friend to all.
Ellen was her father's favorite child. She was reared and waited on by servants and her advice was recognized by the family during the early days, when so much trouble and misunderstanding existed between the natives and the whites. She was her young brother's constant companion and adviser.
By her first marriage to Lieutenant that W.K. Lear, she had one daughter, Isabel, who is the wife of Edward Underwood. By her second marriage there were three children, Jefferson, Mary and John. Mother dearly loved her children and one of her last wishes were that she should rest beside her two boys. Her request was granted, when a grave was dug wide enough to hold two caskets. Now they all rest side by side in happy reunion.
In early childhood she was converted to the Catholic faith, when the missionaries and Jesuits made her father's house a place of prayer. She had great faith in the Shaker religion and it was the Shaker Christians who prayed with her during her last illness, and who watched over the remains and conducted them to the last resting place, and the ceremony most impressive, spoken in the language of the deceased.
Beside her own children those living are a nephew, Joseph Thomas, a niece, Margaret Chenowith Brown, a cousin, John Slonita, and one second cousin, Peter Corbett, a grandson of her uncle, Colatchen. There are quite a number of relatives who feel the loss of mother most keenly, for she was a mother to them all.
Ellen never cared to talk about the sad loss of her father, and at times when she was induced to give up an account of the event is deeply affected her. The same was noted in grandmother, and in fact every member of the family. They bitterly upbraided the Klickitat and Yakimas for causing trouble which was the cause of the head of the Cascade tribe being executed, with his favorite servant and five cousins and nephews, one a nephew of his wife, while his family watched the execution. His son was held prisoner. This was the wild, barbarous act and work of our good United States government system, which reigned in the Pacific coast in the 50s.
The Chenowith family never forgot the treatment they received at the hands of the whites, whom they had always befriended and gave shelter, and always felt bitterly for those who caused trouble. They never forgave the Yakimas, who caused their loss of father and home, yes, for they lost their home and about all they had. The soldiers or Klickitat set fire to the houses and robbed them of all valuables, as the little band of Cascades, were placed on Government Island and held prisoners, where they sat and watched their homes go up in smoke, and they with only what they wore, and each holding some little keepsake or valuable only.
Morning Oregonian, November 26, 1906
Dead of the Northwest
Mrs. Amos Underwood
Hood River, Or., Nov. 25 - (Special) - Mrs. Amos Underwood, wife of the oldest pioneer in this section, died at her home at Underwood yesterday and was buried here today. Mrs. Underwood was a full-blooded Indian woman and was renowned throughout the country for sagacity. In company with her husband she established her home across the river long before there was any settlement of any one living at Hood River. She is survived by her husband who is in feeble health and was unable to attend the funeral.
Jeffrey W Bryant on 11th October 2018 @ 8:35am
Boy, the intermingling of these names can get confusing. I am sure Charlott and others will be able to add some more information, but HHR photo #1936
connects the "Horn" name.
A local pioneer from my area of Camas Prairie, Kate Chapman, married Rankin in her early life, and in later years married William Lane. William was earlier, married to Mary Virginia Underwood Lane.
Mary's parents were Amos and Taswatha Chenewith Underwood. There is a good chance this photo is Mary.
I hesitate to add "find a grave" links here, because they change, but this page has photos and a history of Mary.
L.E. on 11th October 2018 @ 9:05am
Arthur has a link for history of Skamania County and here is another one that has some history of the area and the Underwood family.
The Willard Story by Clara Willard Tobin:
L.E. on 11th October 2018 @ 10:43am
Also this photo looks so heavily retouched (back at the time, I'm sure) that's more painting than photo.
Kyle on 11th October 2018 @ 12:37pm
Kyle, I wonder if this is a photograph of a painting. The hand detail seems far more like a painting then a photograph. Hopefully Lynn will weigh in as an art expert.
I do see some resemblance to the younger picture of Mary Lane-- Could be her, or could be familial resemblance to her mother.
Arthur on 11th October 2018 @ 5:52pm
This is Martha, a sister of my great-aunt Amy Dark. Martha's name was Martha Dark and she married Jacob Horn. She was born in 1896 and died in 1939.
Her parents were: John Dark and Grace Underwood
Grace Underwood was the daughter of Edward Underwood and Isabella Lear.
Isabella was the daughter of William Lear (a soldier) and Taswatha -Ellen who eventually married Amos Underwood.
Taswatha - Ellen was the daughter of Chief Chenowith
Martha was the mother of Albie Horn that Bill Seaton talks about.
Chief Chenowith was hanged by the soldiers, not other Indians.
Charlott on 12th October 2018 @ 7:44am
Using Charlott's information, here is another photo.
Do you think there could be some significance to the medallion she is wearing?
L.E. on 12th October 2018 @ 10:49pm
Also Horn told me that Chief Chenoweth was hung by the soldiers and that they had to hang him twice, because the first time didn't kill him.
Bill Seaton on 23rd October 2018 @ 4:07pm
This picture is of Martha Ellen Dark Horn, my Grandmother. She wore her Grandmothers ceremonial dress for the picture.
T. Horn on 20th April 2019 @ 7:10pm
My great grandmother. Alberta Milrie Meyers always told me that picture was of Martha Ellen Dark. Her mother, Grace Underwood was a sister to my great grandmother, Lovisa Underwood
Erin Samples on 11th June 2019 @ 8:26am
The medallion that she is wearing could very well be the coin/medallion that Lewis and Clark gave Chenowith. I have been told that that medallion eventually went to Maryhill Museum, but naturally they can't find it....No doubt someone stole it.
Nellie on 8th February 2020 @ 9:03am